Saws are an essential tool for woodworkers. Today, you will notice a range of variety of models like Table Saw Vs Miter Saw Vs Chop Saw – so choose one of the best among all these can be a challenging task.
In these models, Miter Saws and Table Saws are standing out and well-known in-home workshops. If you want to take your woodworking level to the next level, you may ultimately need to own both of these saws.
But make sure, first, check its characteristics and types. Here we are going to help you to choose the best one. In the following guide, you will find all the main features of and different types of saws available in the market.
Table Saw Vs Miter Saw Vs Chop Saw
What is Table Saw
This useful tool, whose prototypes were developed more than two centuries ago, essentially consists of a circular cutting disc protruding from the center of a horizontal table that is part of the machine.
Hence its basic name “table saw” because, in effect, it incorporates a table. The saw is in a fixed position, and the operator pushes the workpieces through the disc to make cuts much faster and more accurately than manual circular saws. These cuts can be:
- Straight in the direction of the wood grain
- Cross through the grain of the wood
- Miter and bevel, i.e., at an angle
The circular table saw is often the first machine that a carpenter acquires. It quickly becomes the center of the activity of a woodworking workshop, as different pieces return again and again to the table saw to square them, give them shape, groove, miter, and splice.
What is a Miter Saw
Miter saw it is one of the important tools for metalworkers and carpenters. It’s capacity to make angled cuts and crosscuts allow artisans to make corners and make beveled edges similar in look.
Both the cutter saw and circular miter can cut a variety of things, including plastics wood and metal.
What is a Chop Saw
A chop saw is a powerful tool that can be used to cut wood straight. It has many features with which you can cut wood in angles as well.
This is one of the main portable types of circular saws. It is made in both masonry cutting and metal versions. It is a tool designed to make large longitudinal cuts in solid wood panels and planks, or derived from wood.
The maximum depth of cut will be that of the diameter of the circular blade (150, 160, and 190mm in diameter). Likewise, it must be taken into account that the maximum depth of cut will be about 2-centimeters less than the radius of the blade.
The Chop Saw has a guide to make cuts parallel to the edge of the board and an adjustable base to carry out bevel cuts.
Table Saw Vs Miter Saw Vs Chop Saw- Different Types
Types of Table Saw
Jigsaws are used to make straight and curved cuts in wood. This electric saw is reciprocating, that is, the saw blade moves in the same direction but opposite directions.
The saber saw is a type of power tool that resembles an electric wood saw. It also has an elongated format and cuts the wood based on the longitudinal runs of its serrated blade, which is generally longer than that of the electric jigsaw.
The combined electric saw combines the functionality of a saber saw and a jigsaw in a single tool. There are several types of combination saws, but generally, their design is based on a pivot that allows you to change the orientation of your saw blade.
The electric saw is a type of wood saw structurally similar to the electric chainsaw, but it does not have a chain but works by the reciprocal movement of its tooth blade.
Circular saws are the best power saws for making straight cuts in melamine board, plywood, pressed fibers, etc. We should clarify that although they are called circular.
That is refers to the disk and they do not allow curved cuts in wood, which differentiates them from the reciprocals.
Types of Miter Saw
Manual Miter Saws
These are the classic models that we can find among the tools of our grandparents. They are lightweight and efficient when it comes to cutting at common angles.
The models with a built-in saw have it on the upper part and perform the same work as a hand saw, only that the cuts are made with greater precision, as the blade is guided.
Electric Miter Saw
For some years it has become the preference of all carpentry lovers. The motor, which is powered by electrical energy, generates the circular saw movement.
To buy a good miter saw, you must take into account the size and power of the motor and the discs since it must be adjusted to the daily use that we will give to the machine.
It is similar to its electrical pairs, except that the engine runs on gasoline. These models are rare and are often used in remote areas where it is necessary to cut wood at precise angles.
The railway industry is one of the main users of this type of miter saw.
Types of Chop Saws
Manual Chop Saws
These are tools that allow you to make straight and fast cuts. They are equipped with an electric motor whose power can range from 500 to 1400 W.
Table or Bench Saws
They are portable woodworking tools that use the same principle as large sawmill parts. The machinery remains fixed and the operator is the one who must bring the wood close to the edge to cut.
Radial Arc Saws
Its structure has an arm that allows a circular movement with the saw. The radius of this turn can be adjusted by the operator, as well as the depth of the cut that is made.
In this case, the saw is mounted on a structure with rails that allow the same movement to be controlled. Some mechanized models allow the movement of the machinery to be controlled using a computer program.
Features of these Three Saws
Features of Table Saw
As its name implies, this piece allows us to push material through the cutting blade without directly exposing our hand. It is an essential safety accessory when working with narrow slats less than 120 mm wide.
It is important to consider different types of pushers that we can use for various cutting tasks since the main thing is that we always have great control of the material that we work to avoid accidents.
02. Push Block
If we must cut material less than 30 mm wide, then instead of using a push rod. However, it is much more practical and safer to do it with a push block.
Additionally, an instrument is generally not supplied with the machine and similar in appearance to a float or mason trowel. The difference between the rods is that it is flat and has a solid surface with a horizontal grip provided by a handle.
When we have to make grooves in the workpiece, the push block is more suitable, since it provides us with an additional grip for the wider materials.
03. Bra Comb
This optional instrument firmly holds the workpiece against parallel or transverse stops, preventing the workpiece from bouncing as it slides alongside the saw, thereby risking damage or accidents.
It has sloping teeth that follow the workpiece’s step and is versatile enough to be used on almost any table saw.
04. Insert for Cutting Blade
This small piece of wood or metal is a “mouth” that surrounds the cutting blade. Generally, those that come from the factory leave a lot of space around the blade, which is why they will soon need to be replaced with an insert without play or play.
This means that they will form a very small gap, which provides greater protection to the user and prevents chips from falling into the internal parts of the saw.
05. Blade Guard
Although it is a vital safety accessory, many professional carpenters avoid the use of a blade guard under the guise that it obstructs vision.
To this end, many tables saw manufacturers have improved their guards by replacing them with non-obstructive and/or transparent designs. Once again, the important thing is safety, and by using the blade protector, we will not only be safer, but we will also achieve quality cuts.
Features of Miter Saw
Table Miter Saw
The table is the flat surface where the raw material that we need to cut rests. It is a rectified or flattened surface with milling machines, where the raw material to be cut can slide smoothly.
It is a square with angular graduation, which pivots on an axis orthogonal to the table. In this way, it is possible to obtain a great variety of angles.
The maximum tilt depends on the model and manufacturer, although generally, the maximum angle that is possible to achieve with a standard table is 60° to both sides (thus the total width is 120°).
The raw material rests against the back of the square and slides along with the table until it is in the cutting position, at which time the guides are used.
They serve to adjust the object to be cut against the table and the rotation, to prevent it from moving and hindering the cut.
They consist of a threaded rod, held by two nuts at each end. On one side they have a base that rotates freely at the tip of the rod; On the opposite side, a butterfly allows the rod to rotate, making it move forward or backward as convenient.
Miter Saw Motor
It is the most important component of the miter saw; the motor is the one that provides the necessary torque to move the circular saw.
When it comes to an electric motor, it is mounted directly on the shaft that makes the disc rotate; when it is an explosion, it is located below and transmits the rotation through pulleys or gears.
Disc for Miter Saw
It is entirely made of steel, with a serrated outer edge. It is mounted on a shaft with a clamping system, generally a hexagon on which a piece locks the assembly slides using a left-hand thread.
Features of Chop Saw
We are talking about the cutting disc, that is, the saw itself. Its teeth allow for very precise cuts. Usually, this disc is made of stainless steel, and its size will be decisive depending on the work to be done.
And it is that the larger the disc, the deeper the cut that the saw will make. On the other hand, before choosing a specific disc, you should know what material you want to cut and, according to this, choose a disc with a specific arrangement and type of teeth.
The motor of the circular table saw is the one that gives force to the disc to execute the cut. The most common type of motor is the electric motor; however, you may find some models with a gasoline engine or even powered by water.
The structure is basic, not only to know the space it will occupy in the workshop, but it is, in itself, protection for the user. Also, in the structure itself are the command controls to be able to use the saw.
Table Saw vs Miter Saw vs Circular Saw Basics
Now that we know the basic information about Table Saw Vs Miter Saw Vs Chop Saw. It is clear that when choosing one of these machines that meets our needs, it is the subject of several considerations.
You must have noticed, and there are many different types of saws available in these categories. Therefore, depending on whether you are working on construction sites or with rough finishing works.
That is important to overview these products to choose a saw with the characteristics that best suit our needs.